A large number of the mushrooms we find around can typically be put into three broad groups: Edible mushrooms, Medicinal mushrooms and Poisonous mushrooms. Each category has number of distinct features and in this article we will give you a brief over view of the different types.
when it comes to edible mushrooms anything is possible as long as you can imagine it. From garnishes to soups and stews of all sorts, edible mushrooms have a reputation of making your dishes nutritious, tasty and inviting.
It is important however to be sure you have correctly identified the type of mushroom – whether bought or collected because enjoying your meal or not depends very much on it.
Usually, it is advisable to first clean the mushrooms and then cook them a bit for easy digestibility. A few of the highly prized edibles you might want to try out include:
These types of mushrooms are also edible but are essentially used as functional foods to supplement our diet and to aid our bodies’ immune system in fighting off certain diseases and most times even help the healing process in cases where the disease has already invaded our bodies.
Mushrooms are little power houses of health and energyIt is believed that the anti pathogenic properties developed by mushrooms as a survival mechanism is what makes them valuable to the human immune system.
The power of these medicinal mushrooms can be traced to the grounding effect they posses from growing so close to the earth and the many nutrients they contain. e.g. Ganoderma Mushrooms, Reishi, Shiitake, Maitake, and Cordyceps spp. etc.
Psychedelic mushrooms are fungi that contain psychedelic substances such as psilocybin, psilocin or muscimol. The most common/popular terms for these mushrooms are: magic mushroom, boomers, or just ‘shrooms.
Mushrooms in this group can be divided into two ; the psilocybin-bearing mushrooms, found primarily in the psilocybe genus, and the muscimol-containing mushroom (Amanita muscaria).
As with many psychoactive substances, the effect of any mushroom consumed in this group are subjective and unpredictable.
Note:Psychedelic drugs are psychoactive drugs whose primary action is to alter the thought processes of the brain. In many countries, psilocybin and psilocin containing mushrooms are illegal.
People react to the different types of mushrooms differently but generally, eating too much in one sitting or eating them with alcohol can trigger some allergic reactions or even cause nausea especially in people who are either too young or very old.
Though most varieties of mushroom look alike, the poisonous mushrooms strains are generally characterized by the presence of white spores, a cup- like volva at the base and remnants of a universal veil on the umbrella-like cap.
They are not edible and are loaded with harmful substances that have impaired their usefulness, these kinds of mushrooms act as stimulants, and, to a certain extent, produce intoxication.
Eating them can have far reaching consequences on ones health and ultimately cost them their lives. Some very common ones are the fly Amanita, and the Magic mushrooms.