Hallucinogenic mushrooms is often the name used to describe mushrooms which produce hallucinogenic effects after they have being ingested.
Hallucinogenic mushrooms are fungi that contain the psychoactive compound; psilocybin. When psilocybin is ingested, it is broken down to produce Pscilocin which is responsible for the hallucinogenic effects.There are multiple informal terms for psilocybin mushrooms, the most common being magic mushrooms. Dosage of mushrooms containing psilocybin depends on the potency of the mushroom (the total psilocybin and psilocin content of the mushrooms), which varies significantly both between species and within the same species.
Psychedelic, magic, and hallucinogenic mushrooms all come under one umbrella except that each specific psychoactive mushroom comes with a different effect. Psilocybin mushrooms are non-addictive and rarely abused. They do create short-term increases in tolerance of users, thus making it difficult to abuse them since the more often they’re taken, less effects take place.
Sometimes, lethal wild picked mushrooms can be easily mistaken for psilocybin mushrooms, but true psilocybin mushrooms are non-toxic. Hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms have been rated less toxic than other drugs e.g. aspirin. As with many psychedelic substances however, the effects of psychedelic mushrooms are subjective and can vary considerably among individual users.
The mind altering effects of psilocybin-containing mushrooms typically last anywhere from 3 to 8 hours depending on dosage, preparation method, and personal metabolism. However, the effects can last much longer due to psilocybin’s ability to alter time perception. Hallucinogenic or magic mushrooms in their fresh form still remain legal in some countries including Spain, Austria, and Canada. The prohibition of psilocybin mushrooms has come under criticism because psilocybin mushrooms are considered soft drugs with a low potential for abuse, very low toxicity, and no risk of addiction.
However , mushrooms containing the above substances are collected and used for their hallucinogenic effects.
These mushrooms containing Psilocybin and psilocin are listed to have a high potential for abuse and are not recognized for medical use. For this reason, hallucinogenic mushrooms are regulated or prohibited in many countries, often carrying severe legal penalties.
Effects of Hallucinogenic Mushrooms
- increased energy, increase of heart rate.
- Feelings of well-being and heightened perceptions.
- Pupil dilation, dissolution of stress, feelings of freedom.
- Loss of appetite, coldness in the extremities, muscle relaxation.
- noticeable changes to the audio, visual, and tactile senses may become apparent around an hour after ingestion.These shifts in perception include: enhancement and contrasting of colors, strange light phenomena (such as auras or “halos” around light sources),
- increased visual activity, surfaces that seem to ripple, shimmer, or breathe; complex open and closed eye visuals of images, objects that warp, morph, or change solid colors; a sense of melting into the environment.
- Sounds seem to be heard with increased clarity; music, for example, can often take on a profound sense of cadence and depth.
Spiritual and emotional well being:
- the experience, or “trip,” is strongly dependent upon setting. A negative environment could likely induce a bad trip, whereas a comfortable and familiar environment allows for a pleasant experience, although neither side is without exceptions.
- A study undertaken showed a considerable number of the participants reporting an increase in well-being or satisfaction after coming under the influence of hallucinogenic (psilocybin) mushrooms; friends, relatives, and associates confirmed this.
- They also reported anxiety and depression symptoms to be decreased or completely gone.
Recently, there has been calls for medical investigation into the use of synthetic and mushroom-derived psilocybin for the development of improved treatments of various mental conditions, including chronic cluster headaches, following numerous anecdotal reports of benefits.
There are also several accounts of psilocybin mushrooms sending both obsessive-compulsive disorders (“OCD”) and OCD-related clinical depression (both being widespread and debilitating mental health conditions) into complete remission immediately and for up to months at a time, compared to current medications which often have both limited efficacy and frequent undesirable side-effects.2